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What Does “Happy” Look Like?

By Lara Joseph

Photo © Dawn Graham

I think it’s fair to say that most animals in our care have their choices restricted to some degree. For example, we have to limit options for their safety. Our companion cats and dogs are often confined to the four walls of our homes and the fences in our backyards. Exotics, both in the home and in educational organizations, are often restricted to cages within four walls. Many of them are undomesticated animals that have naturally evolved to navigate miles of land or fly vast distances. These are animals whose daily, fundamental challenges are restricted in our care. Lack of choice is a primary reason why ARBs are so common in bears, primates, and parrots. These are animals that are always on the move in the wild. Read article



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